Did Standard Oil Supply Nazi Germany in WW II.

Did JD Rockefeller Supply Nazi Germany in WW II.

Germany's war effort was largely supported by 2 organizations. One of which was called I. G. Farben. One of the un-spoken partners of I.G. Farben was J.D Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company in America and fter the Rockefellers, the next largest stockholder in Standard Oil was I.G. Farben.  I.G. Farben produced 80% of Germany's explosives and zykon b used in the concentration camps to kill millions. The necessary process of hydrogenation was developed and funded by the Standard Oil in association with I.G. Farben. Standard Oil contributed several millions of dollars to assist it. The financial transactions among the branches of the Standard Oil and I.G. Farben were made through a banking system established by Prescott Bush. Standard oil had financed the Nazi party in hopes that the German army would defeat the USSR and it could than take over the vast resource fields. 

 

The president of Standards Oil New Jersey division (Know at the time as ESSO) Walter C. Teagle, has been accused of contributing to Nazi Germany during world war 2 through his involvement with the German company I.G Farben. He allied Standard Oil with the German company and conducted research jointly. Standard Oil supplied information to I.G Farben on how to manufacturer Tetraethyl Lead, and synthetic rubber, both critical to the war effort. In 1938 Standard Oil supplied five hundred ton of Tetraethyl Lead to the German Luftwaffe. The German Air force could not fly without a fuel additive (tetraethyl lead ) patented by Rockefeller's Eastern States Standard Oil known as ESSO. Without it the Luftwaffe would have been practically grounded. Tetraethyl lead is a additive in gasoline used in the combustion chambers of motors as a anti-knocking agent. It also allows an increase in engine power and efficiency. At the time tetraethyl lead was a rare and highly controlled commodity and it is unlikely Germany would have been able to find another source for it. Had Teagle not arranged such a massive transfer of the substance to the Luftwaffe, it is likely that the second World War would have been postponed for several years.

 

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 the American public was assured that Big Business along with all of the officials of government ceased from the moment the war began to have any dealings whatsoever with the enemy. Standard Oil, under Teagle, continued to supplied Japan with large quantities of this critical aviation gas component. 

 

When America entered the war in 1941, it was desperately short of rubber because Standard Oil, again under Teagle's leadership, refused to produce any synthetic rubber for the American military, because Teagle had transferred the patent rights for synthetic rubber to IG Farben, which guaranteed the German company the absolute control of synthetic rubber. In 1934, about 85% of oil products were imported into Germany. The only thing that allowed Hitler to prepare its impressive war machine was the production of synthetic fuel.

 

Because of the patents it had sold and transferred to Germany, Standard Oil also interfered with America's production of synthetic ammonia (for use in explosives), acetic acid (another crucial war material), and methanol (another fuel additive). Standard and Teagle, again protecting IG Farben's patents, had also worked to prevent the US military from obtaining paraflow, a crucial high-altitude lubricant used in fighters and bombers. 

 

Faced with a United States Department of Justice investigation, Teagle convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt that a suit would hurt the war effort, instead choosing to pay an out-of-court fine. The result was a fall in public favor for Standard Oil and the resignation of Teagle in 1942. In the United States, the disloyal strategies of the Standard Oil and the repeated treason problems had turned John D. Rockefeller into a very unpopular personality.

 

Despite the settlement, for the duration of the Second World War, Standard Oil, under deals Teagle had overseen, continued to supply Nazi Germany with oil. The shipments went through Spain, Vichy France's colonies in the West Indies, and Switzerland. Standard's oil shipments from the United States to Spain were briefly halted in January 1944 due to American public pressure, then began again in May 1944. Spain, meanwhile, was shipping 48,000 tons a month of American oil to Germany.

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